FLEAS AND TICKS
HELP PROTECT YOUR PETS
Fleas have become increasingly common pests in the last two decades; various reasons for this have been suggested. The increased use of fitted carpets may be a factor, because of the difficulty of cleaning the edges and the resulting accumulations of lint and other debris which favor survival of flea larvae. In addition the cessation of moth-proofing carpets with long-lasting chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as dieldrin, enables greater survival of fleas. Also more carpets are now made of synthetic fibers which are not mothproofed at all. In addition flea and tick populations in yards may have grown since chlordane and the longer lasting materials ceases to be used as a general purpose pesticide on lawns. Today’s materials are much less persistent in the environment and have a much shorter residual life.
The bites of fleas and ticks can cause local irritation, allergic reactions and, in extreme cases, anemia through loss of blood. In addition, the punctures of these pests and associated scratches may allow entry of bacteria with resulting sores and ulceration. In the case of the sticktight flea, which mainly attacks poultry and other birds, the ulceration resulting from a heavy infestation may be so extensive that it leads to blindness and death of the host.
The most important economic aspect of fleas and ticks is their role as vectors of various diseases of people, pets and farm animals. The ability of fleas and ticks to feed on a variety of hosts provides the basis for disease transmission from wild animals which act as reservoirs of the disease. In the case of fleas it is estimated that over 10 million people have died from plague carried from rodents to people by fleas in the last 100 years. Most of the recent deaths are in Asia, but the death toll was very high in Europe during the Middle Ages, and each year a few people die from plague in the United States. A more common disease in the United States is murine typhus, which is transmitted from rats to people by fleas.
Ticks also act as vectors of many diseases, including Rocky Mountain spotted fever, which has seen an increase in recent years.
The best programs for dealing with fleas and ticks involve the integration of the appropriate chemical and non-chemical methods, which take into account the biology of the pests. Vulcan Pest Control has developed a unique program for eliminating fleas and ticks and pioneered an integrated approach using various method and materials.
The Vulcan Pest Control Flea and Tick Management programs involves the following steps.
1. Obtaining cooperation of site management or owners.
2. Inspecting premises.
3. Developing recommendations for non-chemical measures.
4. Developing measures for chemical treatments.
5. Obtaining cooperation or residents and employees.
6. Implementing initial service.
7. Implementing follow up services.
8. Monitoring the results.
The purpose and actions involved in each of these steps will vary, depending on the type of premises, climatic factors, construction methods and materials, maintenance standards, sanitation levels, current pest pressures and policies or attitudes of site personnel. Call us today and lets us create a customized treatment program just for you.
It is essential to obtain cooperation from residents in order to gain the necessary access (all rooms including closets) and to obtain commitments to eliminating conducive conditions. In addition the cooperation of residents and pet owners is essential for implementing or arranging measures which complement the professional pest management service, and for any preparation prior to pesticide applications.
Inspections involving fleas and ticks have the following objectives:
• To identify the pest species and general extent of infestation.
• To note possible sources of infestation, including pets and wildlife.
• To note any site factors which favor fleas or ticks.
• To identify areas where pets sleep, rest, and travel, including favorite bathroom areas.
• To identify any areas of risk or constraints on pest management options (pets, children, etc.).
Effective programs involve collaboration between pet owners and the pest management professional. This is especially important in dealing with flea problems, since the immature stages of fleas, and to some extent adults, are vulnerable to cleaning measures, which are best conducted by on-site residents.
In addition to aimed at making the environment less favorable to fleas and ticks, various measures need to be taken to rid any domestic animal of these pests. Such measures are best taken by the owners or veterinarians, with guidance pest management professionals. Non chemical measures include the following:
• Trimming lawns and weeds to create a drier more hostile environment for flea larvae, to reduce tick resting places, and to facilitate the penetration of pesticide application.
• Fencing yards to prevent dogs from roaming in heavily infested areas or contacting other infested animals.
• Discouraging resting or roosting of rodents and birds on or near the premises
• Removing existing bird nests from eaves, gutters, etc.
• Screening or sealing vents, chimneys, crevices, etc. which mice, squirrels, raccoons, chipmunks, etc. may use to enter crawlspace, attics and buildings.
• Establishing or enforcing leash laws or confining pets indoors.
• Sealing crevices where ticks lay eggs.
• Washing or destroying pet bedding.
• Regular vacuuming of pet resting areas.
• Vacuuming the entire structure prior to pesticide applications and routinely thereafter.
• Eliminating carpets or rugs which are difficult to clean (e.g. shag type rugs) or having them cleaned regularly by a professional carpet cleaner.
• Regularly grooming pets.
For flea control, perhaps the single most important non-chemical method is vacuuming the premises. Particular attention should be paid to pet resting areas, and where they frequently brush against surfaces, such as doorways. Areas which are difficult to clean often become havens for fleas, which thrive on the accumulation of organic materials. Such areas include crevices between floor boards, the floor/wall junctions of fitted carpets, underneath heavy furniture, under cushions on couches, and on the floor of cluttered closets and other storage areas. After vacuuming, the vacuum bag should be sealed in a plastic bag and removed from the premises to avoid pests emerging from it.
Vacuuming serves to remove up to 95% of the eggs, some larvae and adults> The more frequently it is done, the more effective it will be. Nonetheless recent work has shown that flea larvae may rap themselves around the bottom strands of carpeting, and only about 20% might be removed by vacuuming. The is one reason why pesticide application by a pest management professional such as Vulcan Pest Control are essential to eliminate an established flea population.
Treatment of animals with chemicals is not the role of the pest management professional. Nonetheless, pets should be Removed and treated by their owners, or preferably by qualified professionals, prior to treatment of the premises.
The Vulcan Pest Control solution was designed to not only reliably control fleas and ticks but to also minimize homeowner inconvenience. Our program combines a strategic inspection and application plan with the latest pressurized technology and advanced products for quick knockdown and ongoing protection.
Our products deliver quick knockdown, longer-lasting control and better value than many competitive flea and tick products and services. It includes a Reduced Risk active ingredient for residual control of fleas, an additive for quick knockdown, and an insect growth regulator (IGR) which kills hatching eggs for up to seven months.
Follow-Up and Monitoring
With pests such as fleas and ticks, which can live outdoors, the possibility of re-infestation always exists, particularly when pets are free to wander outdoors. In our area, due to our mild climate and warmer temperatures, pet owners will have recurring problems with fleas and ticks unless treatments are repeated.
Our exclusive pest management service is your first line of defense to protect you and your family from fleas and ticks. Our technicians are specially trained to deal with the most difficult flea and tick infestations, and are experienced in the latest methods of control.
Whichever control methods we recommend for your flea or tick problem, you can bet that we will be around until the problem is solved.
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